Category Archives: Transportation
A few weeks ago, Ultimate Factories on National Geographic premiered an episode about LEGO. My son is a HUGE LEGO fan and seems to have almost the whole LEGO City setup. So this episode really caught our attention.
My son loved watching the artist/builders design the new Police Station and seeing all the sets being made in the factory. What caught my attention were the things that seemed lean like.
Here is the full episode. It is 45 minutes long. Below are some highlights I picked out with time markers as to where they are at in the video.
(1:15 – 4:10 in video) Right off the bat, the show describes how the artist/builders go about designing a product. The product manager takes his team out to real life sites of what they want to build to study them. They look at what the site has and needs to feel authentic. It is truly direct observation of what the team wants to build.
(6:40 – 10:00 in video) LEGO takes full advantage of standardization as much as possible. The Police Station turned out to be a 700+ piece set, but none of the pieces are new and require tooling to be made. Because the designers were able to build the Police Station out of existing pieces they were able to use that budget to design a police dog that is brand new adding to the experience. My lean lens sees this as cost management in order to reinvest in innovation. The innovation leads to a better experience and more revenue.
(36:12 – 36:20 in vide0) The video does not talk about 5S but there is some evidence of it. In this clip, you can see the tape outlines on the floor for the staging of finished product.
(36:20 – 38:10 in video) In the 1990s, LEGO went through a period when sales were declining. LEGO decided to go and see why this was happening. They discovered their products were not meeting the needs of the adult customer, which is 50% of their market. People were hacking the Mindstorm systems and creating bigger sculptures with the robotics. They didn’t try to shut the hackers down. LEGO embraced them and created new products. They still invite customers to come in and help with designs. They are focusing on customers needs. Everything starts with the customer.
These are some of the quick examples I picked out. If you notice, nothing I saw focused on lean manufacturing although I believe I saw some lean like things in manufacturing and distribution too.
I would highly recommend watching the full video because it touches on every aspect of business. From customer focus to product development to manufacturing to logistics. It is very complete. If you are a LEGO fan, this video is a must see.
In the comments below, tell me what you saw from a lean perspective. What did I miss?
Walmart has decided to breakdown some of the orthodoxies that it has always had when it comes to shipping product (article here). No longer will they wait for the supplier to deliver the product to their distribution warehouses. Now Kelly Abney says,
“…it’s all about squeezing out costs by keeping Wal-Mart’s own trucks busy and by accepting delivery of merchandise at the supplier’s loading dock instead of at a Wal-Mart distribution center.”
This seems like the right thing to do. Distribution centers are non-value added for the consumer which means they are nothing but a cost (or waste) for Walmart. Does this mean they won’t have any distribution centers? The article does not say what it means for the DCs. My thoughts are there would still be DCs but maybe they need to be smaller because less is going through them saving on equipment, manpower, land, etc… Also, what is mentioned but now focused on, is Walmart is trying to utilize its resources and not just source out everything and let their resources have waste in their processes.
Abney also says it allows suppliers to,
“focus on what they do best, manufacturing products for us.”
The main reason for this change is Walmart is having a big enough problem with receiving errors at the distribution centers. Errors like:
“…missing pallets or delayed shipments.”
How does Walmart picking up the goods at the suppliers’ dock help?
“…when a Wal-Mart driver picks up a load at a supplier’s loading dock that same driver will have to scan each pallet’s RFID tag as it’s loaded. The driver will then transmit the data so it can be matched up in real-time with EDI documents that specify what’s in the shipment. Sending that data ahead doesn’t just give Wal-Mart the inventory information a few hours earlier. It gives the retailer the chance to have unpleasant inventory surprises corrected in minutes at the supplier’s loading dock, not days later.”
I like the concept. Quicker feedback into the loop. I still have a lot of questions though. It is great that the problem is identified right away, but what if they don’t have the correct product or remaining amount available? Is the data collected by the driver given to the supplier after every pickup so the supplier can track trends in types of errors in order to problem solve?
Once the pallets are on the truck, Wal-Mart also gains complete control over when that truck will arrive at the distribution center. Such knowledge creates much more predictability for arrival times, which in turn produces better scheduling options for the loading dock. It also means faster turnaround times. And, stores will know what they’re getting, and when.
Predictability is something that lean organizations strive for. It creates less waste in resource availability. Once this is accomplished, Walmart could take the next step in leveling the flow of trucks throughout the network. I would bet by owning their own trucking and creating predictability they will create more savings then they even realize.